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Standing for Long Periods

By: Kevin Watson MSc - Updated: 10 Aug 2016 | comments*Discuss
 
Standing Long Periods Veins Feet Heart

Around half of UK employees spend most working days on their feet. In other words, more than 11 million people around the country stand for hours on end.

The effect on the nation's health is serious. Standing for long periods causes or contributes to a variety of medical problems.

Who's Affected?

Those employees who have to stand at work are often in lower-paid jobs. Among them are retail staff, assembly line workers, security staff, engineers, catering staff, library assistants, hair stylists and laboratory technicians.

Furthermore, some of these employees cannot walk to ease the strain on their muscles. They have to remain in place until they are due for a break or it's time to go home.

The Health Problems

Standing for long periods is bad for health because of the strain on the lower limbs. Problems include aching muscles; hazardous pressure on hip, knee and ankle joints; and damaged feet.

The problems with feet include corns and bunions. Standing can also lead to flat feet and heel spurs.

The symptoms people usually experience are lower limb swelling, tiredness and discomfort. Medical professionals also link standing to varicose veins and a condition known as chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). With CVI, veins cannot send enough blood to the heart.

Another serious condition associated with standing is coronary heart disease. Workers may not develop heart disease as a direct result of standing for long periods. But if they have an existing heart problem, standing for hours can make it worse.

Canadian studies make a further connection between ill health and standing. Back pain is twice as likely to occur in workers who stand for most of their working days rather than sit.

Other health issues related to standing include hip and knee arthritis, high blood pressure, and locking of joints.

The Law

The Workplace (Health and Safety) Regulations 1992 refer to standing. The law says that employers must supply suitable seats if workers are able to perform their duties, or a substantial part of them, sitting down.

No prosecution of an employer under this law has taken place. There have been five improvement notices served on employers. These notices have insisted upon seats for workers. All the employers complied.

Attitude

Part of the reluctance to encourage workers to sit is attitude. Employers believe that staff who are standing create a better impression with customers.

Workers are also to blame in some instances. They may feel it's rude to be sitting when dealing with members of the public. And yet no one accuses professionals such as solicitors and doctors of being rude when they sit behind desks and see patients in their offices.

To make matters worse, health and safety researchers often fail to appreciate the damage standing causes. Professor Messing of the University of Quebec in Montreal is an expert in prolonged standing. She says researchers don't take standing seriously because they work in an environment where they have the choice to stand, sit or walk away from their workstations. Many employees who stand all day don't have this freedom.

Solutions

Sitting down all the time at work is not a solution. Prolonged sitting also causes a range of health problems.

The best advice, endorsed by experts in the field, is to:

  • Cut the time workers spend standing or walking
  • Arrange for work-surfaces to have adjustable heights so workers can alternate sitting and standing
  • Arrange rest breaks with employers
  • Ensure adjustable chairs are available

These goals are not necessarily easy to put in practice. Employers may have to make significant changes to workstations. But the long-term benefits can offer a good return on investment. One estimate, for example, says the UK loses two million working days a year because of lower limb disorders.

The right flooring and footwear have roles to play as well. Hard concrete floors, a common feature in factories, are the worst of all surfaces to stand on for long periods. There is absolutely no flexibility to concrete. Carpeting, rubber, cork and wood are far better surfaces.

If these more suitable surfaces are impractical, anti-fatigue mats can help. These mats provide just the right amount of cushioning to make standing easier. They also have sloped edges to prevent trips.

Mats mustn't be too soft, however. Soft mats can actually increase the feeling of tiredness in backs and legs.

As for footwear, this must be practical and comfortable. It should not pinch the feet or toes; insoles should be shock absorbing; and heels must be no higher than five centimetres.

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[Add a Comment]
Kirkl - Your Question:
Hi I could you please advise, I work for a retail company as a customer service supervisor, the checkout staff at the store are no issued with seats as the company says it is at the managers discretion and the manager says the staff work better when standing, the only staff to be given chairs are staff that are pregnant or are on light duties, I have read up the article about seating and wondered if there is a minimum amount of time working that seats should be issued as staff would be able to carry out there full duties with seats but these are not provided.

Our Response:
The Workplace (Health and Safety) Regulations 1992 refer to standing. The law says that employers must supply suitable seats if workers are able to perform their duties, or a substantial part of them, sitting down. No prosecution of an employer under this law has taken place. There have been five improvement notices served on employers. These notices have insisted upon seats for workers. All the employers complied.
SafeWorkers - 11-Aug-16 @ 1:50 PM
Ido a job which involves standing for long periods of time,directing customers to buses when train lines are closed. If its not busy and there is a seat near by I will seat down, for a few minutes. I have been told by the Management I should not seat down when working, which can mean three to four hours before a break. That in my view is a long time to be expected to stand for.
is it me - 10-Aug-16 @ 8:44 PM
Hi I could you please advise, I work for a retail company as a customer service supervisor, the checkout staff at the store are no issued with seats as the company says it is at the managers discretion and the manager says the staff work better when standing, the only staff to be given chairs are staff that are pregnant or are on light duties, I have read up the article about seating and wondered if there is a minimum amount of time working that seats should be issued as staff would be able to carry out there full duties with seats but these are not provided.
Kirkl - 10-Aug-16 @ 1:36 AM
Sorry I meant only half hour dinner break not an hour!
llama - 14-Jul-16 @ 1:19 PM
I work nights on a busy reception desk and can be stood up for hours on end. We do 8, 9 and 10 hour shifts til early hours of the morning. We have a rubber mat but that hurts your feet more. We have a hour dinner and we should have 2 breaks but that's not always guaranteed. My feet hurt and my hip n my back ate starting to really hurt n I just feel exhausted all the time. The other clubs are allowed chairs and to sit down but for some reason we aren't? Is this allowed? I think we have a too quick of a turnover of shifts as well and don't have another time to rest properly! Working twice in one day!
llama - 14-Jul-16 @ 1:11 PM
Hi.I had accident at my work place (production operative in food factory and 8 hours I have to stand) I slip on the meat waste and water and I had a knee cap dislocation. I was 2,5 month out of work because I could not walk without crutches. Now I'm back but need to weat breaces on my leg, I'm waiting for the surgery of stabilizing the knee cap. I ask nurs from my work place for a chair or stol for last two hours of my shift but they say NO. I'm struglin every day,last two hours are worse,every few weeks there is a day that I can not go to work because my knee is so swollen and painful as a result of forcing it at work place. My question is can they end my contract because of this days that I am not able to come to work,because of knee pain. I just know that if I will go I will not stay to end of the shift,and my workplace is 20 miles from my home,so I would not have a transport in a midle of a day to go back home. I'm waiting for my operation my ortopedic clinic is vety busy my doctor have a 100ts of cases like mine. Can they sack me from the factory because of those days??? It's happen 3 or 4 times from the day of thr accident that happen at december 2015. I can see their reaction they are not happy that I'm not at work,after come back to work I always afraid to talk with my superviser because I know they are upsed.I always inform them 1,5 before my shift that I'm not able to go to work today.Thats why I havve ask them for a chairthat would help me with my pain and I think that my knee would not be so forced all the time.please can you answer me,I have a son and I dont want to lose this job I am really trying to be there every day but my knee is killing me sometimes.Karol
pira22 - 13-Jul-16 @ 2:00 PM
Mr moo - Your Question:
I work 12 hour shifts usually not getting a break until after 10hours im on my feet all day and usually cover a distance of around 12 miles walking supervisng in a foundry after 3 shifts every part of my lower body aches especially back pain. Is it uk law to give more breaks to workers who stand.

Our Response:
All workers are entitled to a minimum 20 minute break if they work longer than 6 hours. If you are not getting the relevant breaks, you should make a formal complaint to your employer.
SafeWorkers - 13-Jul-16 @ 9:40 AM
I work 12 hour shifts usually not getting a break until after 10hours im on my feet all day and usually cover a distance of around 12 miles walking supervisng in a foundry after 3 shifts every part of my lower body aches especially back pain. Is it uk law to give more breaks to workers who stand.
Mr moo - 12-Jul-16 @ 3:33 AM
I work in a hotel with a low counter. Up until a week ago, we had stools to sit at our counter to type and work at. Management came through and took them and now we are all standing on wood floors at a very low/uncomfortable counter having to type and everything else. Is there anything that we can do?
RB2007 - 22-Jun-16 @ 7:21 PM
Teetee - Your Question:
I'm working in a retail place where no seats are provided, you are expected to stand your entire shift. I work 10 hour shifts, I had a heart attack last year and I'm really struggling to stand for the 10 hours. The company arent renowned for being helpful. I've just started and may have to leave.

Our Response:
The Workplace (Health and Safety) Regulations 1992 refer to standing. The law says that employers must supply suitable seats if workers are able to perform their duties, or a substantial part of them, sitting down. If your employer will not help, give ACAS a call for advice.
SafeWorkers - 17-Jun-16 @ 2:15 PM
Within the Hygiene regulations concerning Handling and Preparation of Foodstuffs - There is NOTHING about the constant use of Mobile-Phones, (Frequently being used by the people who are supposed to have their'Hands-On' the JOB), but NOT CONCENTRATING FULLY. As well as a PRIME SOURCE OF BACTERIA, persons FACE Contains the same amount of 'NASTIES' as their BACKSIDE! There's also the additional RISK of said Mobile-Phone being DROPPED into any meal which is being prepared. Could the aforementioned hazards become another HYGIENIC RULE, in order to PREVENT Further FOOD CONTAMINATION???? Herbs, Spices, Seasonings etc. - ONLY ONE SPOON IS USED FOR THE WHOLE LOT!
jotty - 16-Jun-16 @ 11:37 PM
I'm working in a retail place where no seats are provided, you are expected to stand your entire shift. I work 10 hour shifts, I had a heart attack last year and I'm really struggling to stand for the 10 hours. The company arentrenowned for being helpful. I've just started and may have to leave.
Teetee - 16-Jun-16 @ 7:51 AM
Mags - Your Question:
I work in a petroleum garage where we stand/ walk about for 8-9 hours per shift as it is single manned we don't have any breaks no place to sit for even a minute. One employee has now gone off sick as a blood clot has been found in their leg. I don't believe that this is at all legal but how can I resolve the issue.

Our Response:
Firstly you should receive a break of at least 20 minutes if you work 6 hours or more. As you will see from the article the law says that employers must supply suitable seats if workers are able to perform their duties, or a substantial part of them, sitting down. If your employer will not act, you should contact ACAS to find out how to take it to a tribunal if you/they feel it's bad enough to warrant it.
SafeWorkers - 14-Jun-16 @ 2:19 PM
I work in a petroleum garage where we stand/ walk about for 8-9 hours per shift as it is single manned we don't have any breaks no place to sit for evena minute.One employee has now gone off sick as a blood clot has been found in their leg. I don't believe that this is at all legal but how can I resolve the issue.
Mags - 12-Jun-16 @ 11:40 PM
Lifeguard- Your Question:
Hi, I am a full time life guard on a pool, we use to sit on chair but management have took them away, we now stand on a ruber mat between 6-9 in the morning we stand for 40 minutes until we rotate of the pool, we come of the pool and clean still on our feet from 9am our rotation goes 20minutes standing to sitting back to standing then back off the pool were we clean, just wounding is this right ? Are we allowed to do this

Our Response:
There doesn't sound as though there's much wrong with this from the way you've described it. Are you not allowed to walk up and down?
SafeWorkers - 25-May-16 @ 10:10 AM
Hi, I am a full time life guard on a pool, we use to sit on chair but management have took them away, we now stand on a ruber mat between 6-9 in the morning we stand for 40 minutes until we rotate of the pool, we come of the pool and clean still on our feet from 9am our rotation goes 20minutes standing to sitting back to standing then back off the pool were we clean, just wounding is this right ? Are we allowed to do this
Lifeguard - 24-May-16 @ 8:43 AM
Ane - Your Question:
I am working in an international retail store chain, most departments in it have no seating if it's a customer facing role. 8+ hours a day on concrete floor. Lifting heavy items is daily. I am in a role which provides no seating 100% of the working time. The employer does provide safety footwear, but the only role it fills is steel caps against dropping amything heavy on the feet. It is so uncomfortable I started noticing most of the coworkers have purchased their own boots to battle the painful feet, from their own budget.Is that not also an employer's responsibility to make sure the footwear provided meets the requirement to stand for prolonged periods of time, or at least finance the purchase of your own fit of work footwear? The current shoe has such a low comfort quality it is appalling it passed. Especially when there is such a vast variety of much more comfortable footwear for the job, having in mind concrete floors aren't going anywhere.

Our Response:
The law says that employers must supply suitable seats if workers are able to perform their duties, or a substantial part of them, sitting down. So if you cannot perform your duties sitting down then your employer is not obliged to provide seating. With regard to the shoes, if they are not fit for purpose e.g they will prevent injury but do not facilitate walking/standing all day, then make a representation to your employer asking them if they will look at sourcing different footwear.
SafeWorkers - 5-May-16 @ 12:07 PM
I am working in an international retail store chain, most departments in it have no seating if it's a customer facing role. 8+ hours a day on concrete floor. Lifting heavy items is daily. I am in a role which provides no seating 100% of the working time. The employer does provide safety footwear, but the only role it fills is steel caps against dropping amything heavy on the feet. It is so uncomfortable I started noticing most of the coworkers have purchased their own boots to battle the painful feet, from their own budget. Is that not also an employer's responsibilityto make sure the footwear provided meets the requirement to stand for prolonged periods of time, or at least finance the purchase of your own fit of work footwear? The current shoe has such a low comfort quality it is appalling it passed. Especially when there is such a vast variety of much more comfortable footwear for the job, having in mind concrete floors aren't going anywhere.
Ane - 2-May-16 @ 11:53 PM
I work on a deli counter and stand for 8 hrs 3 days a week.I have a hip bursitis and am in pain.Should I be working ? Regards Barbara ford
Bab s - 7-Apr-16 @ 10:52 AM
I is to stand for 8 hours per day as cashier in petrol station supermarket Qatar.And its to pain full but the job is very easy.what solution can i get.
dude - 5-Mar-16 @ 6:07 PM
Jeffery - Your Question:
I work in production and have to stand on a concrete floor all day I had a chair which was taken away recently.is my company legally obliged to supply chairs if I can do part of my job while seated. We have a testing lab which still has chairs in. Feel victimised.

Our Response:
As the article says: "The Workplace (Health and Safety) Regulations 1992 refer to standing. The law says that employers must supply suitable seats if workers are able to perform their duties, or a substantial part of them, sitting down." Make a formal complaint to your employer, referring to this legislation.
SafeWorkers - 11-Feb-16 @ 2:16 PM
I work in production and have to stand on a concrete floor all day I had a chair which was taken away recently.is my company legally obliged to supply chairs if I can do part of my job while seated. We have a testing lab which still has chairs in. Feel victimised.
Jeffery - 10-Feb-16 @ 10:44 AM
I have a job demonstrating products in grocery stores. I have to stand for at least 5.5 hours of a 6 hour shift. My feet are really painful after a shift, and I have knee issues. I like my job in spite of this.
soxfann1 - 8-Feb-16 @ 7:31 PM
Skip - Your Question:
I work as a receptionist and normally work 8 hour shifts with out a break, we are technically allowed a working break which I don't mind but for our whole shift are required to stand. Other sites at the hotel have seating and we would be able to do the same job with a seat (not using it all the time just while doing computer tasks) should we be provided with adequate seating for our role? Kind regards

Our Response:
Firstly anyone who works for 6 hours or more is entitled to a break away from their desk for a minimum of 20 minutes. As for the standing... the law says that employers must supply suitable seats if workers are able to perform their duties, or a substantial part of them, sitting down. Speak to your employer about this. If they refuse to act and you feel it is affecting your health contact the Health and Safety Executive for advice.
SafeWorkers - 22-Jan-16 @ 10:41 AM
I work as a receptionist and normally work 8 hour shifts with out a break, we are technically allowed a working break which I don't mind but for our whole shift are required to stand. Other sites at the hotel have seating and we would be able to do the same job with a seat (not using it all the time just while doing computer tasks) should we be provided with adequate seating for our role? Kind regards
Skip - 21-Jan-16 @ 4:15 AM
I just started a bartending job, and on Saturdays, the restaurant I bartend at is open 11AM-10PM, and there's no where for me to sit behind the small bar space, so that's 11 hours straight of pure standing, now add onto that lifting sometimes heavy supplies and boxes of beverages (for stocking the bar). I've only been working there for a week and my back is so messed up and my legs and feet are already terribly swollen and throbbing with pain. Is this even legal?
isbee - 18-Jan-16 @ 4:23 AM
I work 5-8 hour shifts at BJ's in the United States in Maine. I have asked my employer for a seat many times but they just laugh at me. At the end of a shift my back hurts so bad? is there anything I can do?
Chart - 17-Dec-15 @ 9:16 PM
I am a reception staff member at a hotel, and I have to stand all day, having one 15min. for tea and. 30 min. break for dinner, my legs started having spider webs all over, talked to my colleges and they complain about the same plus back pain, corks, tiredness, aching legs and feet, and we are not aloud to have any chair at reception, managers just do not allow it. What should we do, to make our situation better?
CYIN - 16-Dec-15 @ 11:21 PM
jomanash - Your Question:
Hi, I work in Amazon warehouse I stand and walk all day picking for 11 hours and sometimes we do this six days in the week and have one day off. The lunch time is only 30 minutes and it takes time to go pass the security checks and then go to my lockers room to get my lunch and by then I have little time to eat and sometimes I get up before I finish my food. Neverthlesse, My legs are swollen and I can see the veins in my legs like they going to explode and also my hips and kidneys started hurting me these last couple of days. I come home unable to walk properly and feel like I am going to die coz of the pain in my legs. So what do you think of this ??

Our Response:
If you think you have a legitimate cause for complaint you can raise a grievance via your employer's procedure. There is more information Here. You could also ask to see a copy of the employer's risk assessment and see whether you think these health/safety issues have been addressed effectively.
SafeWorkers - 14-Dec-15 @ 2:27 PM
Hi, I work in Amazon warehouse i stand and walk all day picking for 11 hours and sometimes we do this six days in the week and have one day off. The lunch time is only 30 minutes and it takes time to go pass the security checks and then go to my lockers room to get my lunch and by then I have little time to eat and sometimes I get up before I finish my food. Neverthlesse, My legs are swollen and I can see the veins in my legs like they going to explode and also my hips and kidneys started hurting me these last couple of days. I come home unable to walk properly and feel like I am going to die coz of the pain in my legs. So what do you think of this ??
jomanash - 14-Dec-15 @ 6:13 AM
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